Methodology : KH_PM004

Methodology No. KH_PM004
Sectoral scope 14. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and the Role of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests and Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries (REDD-plus)
Title Reducing deforestation and forest degradation through forest conservation in Cambodia
Summaries Project activities (emission reduction measures) : The project activities include forest conservation activities such as law enforcement and/or livelihood development projects, including agricultural improvement, eco-tourism development, marketing of non-timber forest products and formation/strengthening of community groups that lead to the reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation.
Establishment of project reference level : Two options have been identified to establish the project reference level, using data from Cambodia’s official forest reference level (FRL): (1) applying the FRL transition probabilities from forest to non-forest classes only, to the project area, (e.g., transitions between different forest classes are not included); (2) applying all the FRL transition probabilities among classes that would result in emissions to the project area. Note that Option (1) accounts for emissions from only deforestation, while Option (2) accounts for emissions from forest degradation in form of transitions from one forest class to another, in addition to those from deforestation. Option 2 is similar to the method used in the Cambodia’s FRL submission in 2017, except that the FRL includes removals as well; this methodology targets only emissions.
Calculation of project net emissions : Project net emissions are estimated based on the result of monitoring of forest to non-forest classes (Option 1) and monitoring of forest to non-forest or another forest class (Option 2) within the project area, multiplied by the emission factors (including both above and below ground biomass) plus any displaced emissions within the displacement belt and GHG emissions due to the project activities inside the activity area. Displaced emissions are calculated as increases of emissions in the displacement belt compared to the reference emissions, i.e. those that would have occurred in the absence of the project. Use of fuel and fertilizers, for the implementation of the project activities, are included as GHG emissions sources, and will be monitored and accounted as project emissions.
Monitoring parameters and methods : Cambodia’s official forest map is obtained from Cambodian government and used for monitoring of emissions from forest to non-forest classes (Option 1) and monitoring of emissions from forest to non-forest or another forest class (Option 2) in the project area and displacement belt. Quantities of fuel and fertilizers including N-fixing crops, used for the implementation of the project activities, are recorded and reported. If the GHG emissions, due to use of fuel or fertilizers, are estimated to be less than five percent of the project net emissions, actual quantities of fuel and/or fertilizers do not need to be monitored, and conservatively estimated planned quantities can be used for calculation of GHG emissions.
Calculation of project emission reductions to be credited : A default discount factor of 20%, as defined in the methodology guidelines, is applied to project emissions reductions to account for the risk of reversal.
Status Public inputs closed
Methodology Proponent Conservation International and Mitsui & Co., Ltd.
Proposed Methodology
Public inputs