|Proposed Methodology No.||KH_PM004|
|Sectoral scope||14. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and the Role of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests and Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries (REDD-plus)|
|Title||Reducing deforestation and forest degradation through forest conservation in Cambodia|
Project activities (emission reduction measures) : The project activities include forest conservation activities such as forest management and community livelihood development, including agricultural improvement, eco-tourism development, marketing of non-timber forest products and formation/strengthening of community groups that lead to the reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation.
Establishment of project reference level : Two options have been identified to establish the project reference level, using data from Cambodia’s official forest reference level (National FRL): (1) applying the National FRL transition probabilities from forest to non-forest classes only, to the project area, (e.g., transitions between different forest classes are not included); and (2) applying all the National FRL transition probabilities among classes that would result in emissions to the project area. Note that Option (1) accounts for emissions from only deforestation, while Option (2) accounts for emissions from forest degradation in form of transitions from one forest class to another, in addition to those from deforestation. Option 2 is similar to the method used in the Cambodia’s National FRL submission in 2017, except that the National FRL includes removals as well; this methodology targets only emissions.
Calculation of project net emissions : Project net emissions are estimated based on the result of monitoring of forest to non-forest classes (Option 1) and monitoring of forest to non-forest or another forest class (Option 2) within the project area, multiplied by the emission factors (including both above and below ground biomass) plus any displaced emissions within the displacement belt and GHG emissions due to the project activities inside the project area and the activity area in line with Joint Crediting Mechanism Guidelines for Developing Proposed Methodology for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and the Role of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests and Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries (REDD-plus), (methodology guidelines). Displaced emissions are calculated as increases of emissions in the displacement belt compared to the reference emissions. Use of fuel and fertilizers, for the implementation of the project activities, are included as GHG emissions sources, and will be monitored and accounted as project emissions.
Monitoring parameters and methods : Area converted from forest to non-forest (Option 1) or forest to another forest class (Option 2) in the project area; Area converted from forest to non-forest (Option 1) or forest to another forest class (Option 2) in the displacement belt; Quantity of fuel consumed in vehicle and/or equipment; Number of vehicle and/or equipment; Total travel distance of vehicle and/or total use hours of equipment; Average specific energy consumption of vehicle and/or equipment; Mass of synthetic fertilizer applied; Mass of organic fertilizer applied and made from materials sourced from outside of the project area and the activity area; Harvested annual dry matter yield of N-fixing crop per unit area, introduced by the project; Total annual area harvested of N-fixing crop introduced by the project; Ratio of above-ground residues to harvested yield for N-fixing crop; Ratio of below-ground residues to harvested yield for N-fixing crop; Mass of calcic limestone, dolomite and urea fertilizer applied; Nitrogen content of synthetic and organic fertilizer applied; Nitrogen content of above-ground and below-ground residues for N-fixing crop; Fraction of total area under N-fixing crop that is renewed annually
Calculation of project emission reductions to be credited : A default discount factor of 20%, as defined in the methodology guidelines, is applied to project emissions reductions to account for the risk of reversal.
|Methodology Proponent||Conservation International and Mitsui & Co., Ltd.|
|Date of approval||21 Feb 20|