|Proposed Methodology No.||LA_PM004|
|Sectoral scope||14. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and the Role of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests and Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries (REDD-plus) and afforestation and reforestation|
|Title||Reducing GHG emissions form deforestation and forest degradation through controlling shifting cultivation in Phonxay District, Luang Prabang Province of Lao PDR|
Project activities (emission reduction /removal enhancement measures) : Activities for reducing shifting cultivation pressures on forest resources by introducing alternative and suitable livelihoods based on rural people’s capability.
Establishment of project reference level : The project reference level is calculated on the basis of the average net GHG emissions in the project area from 2005 to 2014. The net GHG emission from carbon stock change in project area is calculated from the annual average of CO2 emissions and removals to be provided by the Government of Lao PDR. These values are consistent with the national FREL/FRL. Non-CO2 GHG emissions from biomass burning in project area is considered following the 2006 IPCC Guidelines although the source is not included in the national FREL/FRL.
Calculation of project net emissions/removals : Project net emissions are calculated by using 2 types of data; 1) CO2 emissions and removals from carbon stock change during the monitoring period which will be provided by the Government of Lao PDR based on the national forest monitoring system. 2) GHG emissions from biomass burning, rice paddy cultivation and fossil fuel consumption associated with the project during the monitoring period are estimated by methods following the 2006 IPCC Guidelines.
Monitoring parameters and methods : The national forest monitoring system monitors the land use/cover change. The analyzed data during the monitoring period is provided by the Government of Lao PDR, in the form of CO2 emissions and removals from carbon stock change.; Area of rice paddy (wet rice paddy) is calculated based on the land cover/use maps (the Forest Type Maps) analyzed and provided by the Government of Lao PDR.; Quantity of fuel consumptions by agricultural heavy machines newly introduced by the project is collected from business records in oil shop(s) in the project area and information from villagers using the participatory rural appraisal (PRA).
Calculation of project emission reductions or removals to be credited : The default discount factor of 30%, as defined in the Joint Crediting Mechanism Guidelines for Developing Proposed Methodology for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and the Role of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests and Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries (REDD-plus), is applied to project emissions reductions to account for the risk of reversal.
|Methodology Proponent||Waseda University|
|Date of approval||23 Mar 22|